Ruben Noorloos

Year of Enrollment: 

My research explores the theory of mind called mind-body parallelism, particularly the form of it that was held by Spinoza. At present, mind-body parallelism is a badly understood position: basic questions, such as whether it is a form of dualism or monism, what relations (if any) it has to panpsychism, and how its denial of mind-body interaction is to be understood, are still far from resolution. Parallelism is also held to have counterintuitive implications in moral psychology: for example, it is unclear what a parallelist account of consciousness or the will would look like. In my research, I attempt to answer some of these questions. I try to formulate a form of mind-body parallelism that is as cogent as possible, and I investigate the role that it plays in Spinoza’s own accounts of consciousness and will. In doing so I combine systematic and historical approaches to parallelism. In the end, I hope to show that it steers an interesting and powerful middle ground between dualist and materialist positions.

I have also co-authored two papers on topics in the philosophy of education. These can be accessed through my Researchgate profile (linked below).


MA Philosophy, Utrecht University
BA Liberal Arts & Sciences, Utrecht University