Maria Kronfeldner

MA Director

Contact information

Vienna, Quellenstrasse 51

Maria Kronfeldner works in the philosophy of the life sciences and the philosophy of the social sciences and has published widely in these areas. She has been awarded The Karl Popper Essay Prize of the British Society for the Philosophy of Science and The Philosophical Quarterly International Essay Prize. From 2010-2014 she was Junior Professor at Bielefeld University. Earlier she held several fellowships, among them at the Max Planck Institute for History of Science in Berlin; at the Fishbein Center for History of Science and Medicine of the University of Chicago; at the Center for Philosophy of Science, University of Pittsburgh; and at the Sydney Centre for the Foundations of Science of the University of Sydney. She earned her PhD at the University of Regensburg in 2006.

Area of specialisation: philosophy of the life sciences, philosophy of the social sciences, in particular philosophy of anthropology, social philosophy.

Area of competence: history of the life sciences, general philosophy of science, epistemology, philosophy of mind.

Research focus: anthropology, human nature, dehumanization, essentialism, causation, explanation, complexity, integration, unity and pluralism of scientific perspectives, science and values, biomedical sciences, evolutionary biology.

Profile: During her graduate time, she focused on philosophy of mind, pragmatism, and environmental ethics. Combining her interest in philosophy of mind with her artistic activities (theatre, video, photography), she started research on philosophy of creativity. Since novelty is not only occurring in human minds, but also in nature, her research on the concept of creativity led her to the history and philosophy of the life sciences (HPLS). She has analysed Darwinian approaches to creativity and cultural evolution as well as the history of the concept of culture and cultural inheritance.

In the last years, she worked on human nature between science, philosophy and politics. Her new book What's Left of Human Nature: A Post-essentialist, Pluralist and Interactive Account of a Contested Concept (2018, MIT Press) brings together several branches of her research, such as essentialism, causation, explanation, normalcy, reductionism, complexity, integration and unity of sciences, as well as science and values.

A new project has recently been launched under the label The Epistemology of the In/Human, funded by CEU's Research Excellence Scheme. The project is a continuation of the project "Topics in the Human and Social Sciences" (ToPHSS), funded by the CEU Humanities initiative. 

Service for the community: She is steering committee member of the European Philosophy of Science Association (EPSA) and member of the scientific advisory board of the Karl Popper Foundation. She served as a council member of the International Society for the History, Philosophy and Social Studies of Biology (ISHPSSB) from 2013-17, and initiated and directed the German Network for Philosophy of the Life Sciences from 2011-2014. She has also served in recent years on a variety of program committees for international conferences. 

At CEU she is a member of the Social Mind Center and the Science Studies Research Group. She is MA Program Director in the Philosophy Department, directs CEU's Philosophy Research and Publish Lab (launched in Fall 2015).

In Vienna, two new collaborations have been started with the Unit for Applied Philosophy of Science and Epistemology and the Institute Vienna Circle (at the University of Vienna), a APSE-CEU-IVC lecture series and a relaunch of our Science-Studies Lab


OFFICE HOURS (winter term, Jan-Mar): Tuesday, 1:45-3:45pm and Wednesday, 4-5pm. Even though these are drop-in office hours, please register (to get the online meeting information), mentioning your concern and when you would like to come, by writing an email, best 24 hours before the office hour. Meetings outside these slots are also possible, but harder to realize. 

Recent conferences and workshops organized: 

NEW BOOK OUT! The Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization, featuring articles from leading experts on dehumanization, from a diversity of social science and humanities disciplines.

Latest monograph: "What's Left of Human Nature" available from MIT Press. See: 

Selected recent papers, talks, media appearance and other news (for older news from AY 2015-16, 2016-17, and 2017-18 scroll down to File attachements and see the Archive):

  • Paper: Academic Freedom and Creativity, forthcoming, European Journal for Philosophy of Science (2021).  
  • Paper: Digging the Channels of Inheritance, forthcoming, Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.
  • Paper: Psychological Essentialism and Dehumanization, published, as part of the Routledge Handbook of Dehumanization, edited by Maria Kronfeldner.
  • Short piece On Hiding Faces, as part of the project Hiding Facespubslihed, American Philosophical Association  Blog
  • Interview and Discussion (Digital Salon) on Face matters: Why do we care so much about faces?, as part of the project Hiding Faces
  • Paper The Paradox of Dehumanization Resolved (draft), presented at CEU's Philosophy Departmental Colloquium, 28 Apr 2020. 
  • Paper Wie der Mitmensch zum Gegenmenschen wird (on the limits of empathy and how to extend them, in German), presented at the Conference of the Club of Vienna "Empathie als evolutionary Leistung und ihre Bedeutung für die Bewältigung globaler Krisen", Nov 18, 2019,  Vienna (see Video below).
  • Paper Going Public: Expertise and Professional Responsibility in Philosophy (draft, with Alexander Reutlinger), presented at Workshop "Die gesellschaftliche Rolle der Philosophie", Erlangen, 01-02 Nov, 2018; to be presented at IVC Conference "The Vienna Circle: Its History and Importance Today", Vienna, 22-24 Oct, 2020. 
  • Paper Two Reasons Why the Purist Approach to Science Fails (under revision) presented at the Conference of the German Society for Analytic Philosophy (GAP), Cologne, 17-20 Sep, 2018.
  • Best practice guidelines on Controversial Academic Invitations: Some Best Practises (draft, currently discussed with major German speaking societies in the field).
  • Invited Response on Ausgrenzung oder Diskurs? Fragen des Umgangs mit extremen Positionen (Exclusion or discussion? How to react to extremist positions), published at Information Philosophie.
  • Interview on Can We Get Rid of Dehumanization? In the Hungarian weekly Élet és Irodalom (vol. LXIII/30), Jul 26, 2019. Interviewer: László Köszeghy. 
  • Keynote at ELTE's "Human Enigma" Group Conference on Dehumanization, 07-08 Jan 2019, Budapest. 
  • Blog post on CEU "A University Goes Into Exile", American Philosophical Association (APA) Blog, 03 Jan 2019.  
  • Keynote "Explanatory Looping Effects", at the European Network for Philosophy of the Social Sciences (ENPOSS) Meeting 2018, 30 Aug - 01 Sep, 2018. (Relates to one chapter of the new book "What's Left of Human Nature" (see above). 
  • Paper "Divide and Conquer: The Authority of Nature and Why We Disagree about Human Nature" now published

Videos and Podcasts

  • Talk and panel discussion: Das Eigene und das Fremde: Ein Einblick in die Multi-Disziplinarität der CEU. Wiener Vorlesungen - Positionen einer Stadt, May 14, 2020.  
  • Presentation: Wie der Mitmensch zum Gegenmensch wird. Club of Vienna Conference "Empathie als evolutionary Leistung und ihre Bedeutung für die Bewältigung globaler Krisen" (Link to audio-file). 
  • Podcast: How we are Human, a discussion of 2017 ToPHSS course lecturer and participants, directed and compiled by Magdalena Smieszek. (Link to audio-file).
  • Presentation: Limits of Explaining Creativity, as part of the 2017 Creative Cognition Summer University Course, CEU. (Link to audio-file)
  • Presentation: Leaps into the dark: Freedom as spontaneity, as part of the university-wide faculty seminar on "Open Societies and Free Minds: Hannah Arendt and the Idea of Open Society", Mar 18, 2016. (Link to video).
  • Keynote lecture "The right to ignore: An epistemic defense of the nature/culture divide" at the Meeting of the Nordic Network for Philosophy of Science, Helsinki, Apr 23-24, 2015. (Link to video). (The final paper related to the talk is forthc, as part of the "Routledge Handbook of Evolution and Philosophy", ed. by R. Joyce).
  • Discussion with Marshall Sahlins on "The Western Illusion of Human Nature", Chicago, Jan 2014. (Link to video)
  • Radio Interview (BR) on memes: Is this real life?, Munich, Apr 2013.
  • TV Discussion Scobel (3SAT): Evolution und Fortschritt, (on cultural evolution), Mainz, Oct 2009.

PhD Student advising

Community engagement 


PhD 2007, Philosophy, University of Regensburg

Projects with involvement of Maria Kronfeldner